Pres. Diosdado Macapagal

by Alejandro Camiling, CPA


List of Bios:

 Macario Arnedo

 Gregorio Camiling, Jr.

 Vicente Catacutan

 Jose Gutierrez-David

 Romeo S. David

 Rogelio de la Rosa

 Vicente A. Dizon

 Escaler Family

 Bro. Andrew Gonzalez

 Diosdado Macapagal

 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

 Armando Q. Madamba

 Nestor S. Mangio

 Delfin T. Quiboloy

bullet Oscar Rodriguez

 Jose Abad Santos

 Marcos G. Soliman

 Honorio T. Ventura

 Amado M. Yuzon


Andro's Main Page

The Escaler Family Saga

Compiled by Ginger Tabora
With the assistance of her grandmother's brother, Bishop Federico Escaler, S.J


The illustrious town of Apalit of the Province of Pampanga in the Philippines prides itself of being the center of Philippine high society and government officialdom outside the capital city of Manila in the mid-19th century to the early years of the 20th century. The wealthy and prominent families of the town such as the Arnedo, the Carlos, the Escaler, the Espiritu, the Galang, the Gonzalez, the Santos, the Sioco, the Tanjutco and many others left unforgettable memories and contributions to the economic development of their communities and to the country in general. In Apalit alone, the municipal government building, the central elementary school building, the parish church of St. Peter, the beautiful municipal park and many landmarks were built through the generosity of these illustrious families. They strongly supported the Philippine cause for independence both from Spain and from the United States of America.

From the same families, many served the municipal, provincial and national government in the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government service.

The Escaler Family in the 1760s …

Antonio and Gregorio Tuason

During the British invasion of the Spanish Manila in 1762, Governor General Simon de Anda moved the colonial capital to the town of Bacolor in Pampanga.

Antonio Tuason was a Sangley merchant loyal to the Spanish colonial authorities. He placed his resources in the service of the Spanish defenders.

After the British invasion ended in 1764, Antonio Tuason was rewarded a land grant and a noble title of "mayorazgo" by the Spanish Crown. This elevated the Tuason family to the ranks of Spanish peerage.

Antonio Tuason returned to Manila to resume his commercial activities. His brother Gregorio remained in Bacolor to pursue agriculture.

Gregorio Tuason married Maria Pamintuan and they had two daughters:

  • Escolastica Tuason y Pamintuan who at the age of six years old was kidnapped by Moro pirates and she was not returned to her family until the age of fourteen years.
  • Maria Juana Tuason y Pamintuan who grew up to a lovely lady married Anastacio Hilario of Bacalor, Pampanga.

Escolastica Tuason y Rodriguez

Dona Escolastica Tuason inherited a hacienda in Bacolor, which yielded 2,000 piculs of sugar and 1,000 cavans of rice yearly. She married Don Olegario Rodriguez, also from Bacolor.

Don Olegario Rodriguez (aka Incung Luga) and Dona Escolastica Tuason de Rodriguez (aka Impung Cobang) had the following five children:

  • Prisca Ines (born 1834)
  • Matea
  • Juana
  • Marta
  • Maria

Dona Escolastica Tuason de Rodriguez died in 1850.

Dona Juana Rodriguez y Tuason married Don Agapito Guanzon of Santa Rita, Pampanga. They had a daughter: Juana Guanzon y Rodriguez, who married Sixto David.

Dona Marta Rodriguez y Tuason married Don Hilarion Santos. They had two children: Rafaela Santos y Rodriguez who married Vicente Fernandez and Roman Santos y Rodriguez who married Juliana Andres.

After the death of Don Hilarion Santos, Dona Marta Rodriguez, viuda de Santos married Don Domingo Carlos.

Roman Santos y Rodriguez was raised as a ward by his first cousin Dona Florencia Sioco de Gonzalez in Barrio Sulipan, Apalit, Pampanga. Her elder sister, Dona Sabina Sioco de Escaler, lent him the initial capital to purchase his first bamboo "casco" (raft) with which he ferried the dry goods he was buying and selling in various towns.

Don Roman Santos y Rodriguez founded Prudential Bank and a very successful family of businessmen active to this day.

Dona Maria Rodriguez y Tuason was a spinster.

Olegario Rodriguez

Don Olegario Rodriguez was Capitan Natural in 1842 & 1853. His father, Don Francisco Rodriguez was Capitan Natural in 1830. The Rodriguez family migrated to Bacolor from Bataan around 1800. Also related to the Banson family of Bataan.

After the death of Dona Escolastica Tuason de Rodriguez, Don Olegario Rodriguez married Jacoba Bautista (died on January 31, 1874). They had the following ten children:

  • Macario
  • Felix (Capitan Natural of Bacalor, Pampanga from 1891-1892)
  • Jose
  • Maxima
  • Maria
  • Francisco
  • Librada
  • 3 children not known

Don Olegario Rodriguez died on June 3, 1874.

Prisca Ines Rodriguez y Tuason

Dona Prisca Ines Rodriguez y Tuason married Don Justo Escaler of Balanga, Bataan. They had the following three children:

  • Manuel
  • Eulogia
  • Domingo (died at a young age, date not known)

Dona Prisca Ines Rodriguez de Escaler died on May 3, 1894, at the age of 60. Her remains are in one wall of the Gospel transept of the Apalit Church.

Eulogia Escaler y Rodriguez married Esteban Clemente

Manuel Escaler y Rodriguez

Don Manuel Escaler y Rodriguez went to Barrio Sulipan to manage his uncle Don Josef Sioco's many parcels of land. There he married his first cousin Dona Sabina Sioco y Rodriguez (daughter of Don Josef Sioco and Dona Matea Rodriguez de Sioco). They had the following six children:

  • Jose
  • Don Manuel Escaler died in 1914
  • Dona Sabina Sioco de Escaler died on November 15, 1950.

Jose Escaler y Sioco

Don Jose Escaler y Sioco, attorney, industrialist, and business executive, was born on January 19, 1885 in the old mansion house of the Escaler family in the barrio of Sulipan, in Apalit, Pampanga. He was the oldest of six children. His parents, Don Manuel Escaler and Dona Sabina Sioco de Escaler belonged to wealthy families in the province. Jose received his early education from private tutors, and later from the town school. In 1895, he was sent to Manila and he enrolled in San Juan de Letran where he finished the Segunda Ensenanza at the head of his class in 1897. The Filipino-American war put a stop to his studies. Returning home, he found the family mansion the quarters of revolutionists. After the establishment of peace, he continued in the newly opened school of Liceo de Manila where he received his Bachelor's degree with highest honors in April 1903. From the Escuela de Derecho, he obtained his jurisprudence degree at the head of his class in April 1905. Then he sailed for the United States, continued his studies in Yale University. He was unable to finish his graduate degree because of the illness of his father, which called him back home. When news reached him that his father had recovered, he was on his way via Europe. At Oxford, he took graduate subjects in law and economics. After touring France, Germany and Italy, he sailed for Manila arriving there in 1909. In the same year, he passed the bar examination.

His educational attainment was given immediate recognition. He was elected president of the prestigious Philippine Columbian Association in the year of his arrival, and successively thereafter for several terms, 1909-1912. He was also made president of the Club Filipino. Meanwhile, he apprenticed himself in the law office of the noted American lawyer Wm. Kincaid in which later he became a junior partner. His public career began with his employment as lawyer in the Philippine Assembly from January 2, 1913 to July 1, 1914 when he resigned only to accept the position of attorney for the City of Manila. During this time, he established a law firm with Sales as partner on Cabildo St., Intramuros.

On June 26, 1915, at the San Fernando Church, Jose Escaler married Aurea Ocampo y Hizon (daughter of Dr. Basilio Ocampo, M.D. and Leoncia Hizon y Singian, first cousin of Gen. Maximino Hizon, q.v., of San Fernando, Pampanga). They had the following seven children:

  • Ernesto
  • Alicia
  • Elisa
  • Jose
  • Federico
  • Wivinia
  • Manuel

His rise was steady from that time on. On July 1, 1916, Jose Escaler was made the first Assistant Director of Education. His illness, however, did not enable him to stay long in the service, and he had to leave it after four months. He was called again to the public service on January 15, 1917, this time as Undersecretary of Justice to Victorino Mapa (q.v.), this position he held until December 15, 1919 when he resigned. On December 28, 1918, Jose Escaler was chosen acting president of the University of the Philippines, a position that he filled until the opening of the following academic year. This appointment came as a reward for efficient service and in recognition of his intellectual attainment. Since 1911, he had been serving as member of the board of regents of the institution, and for two terms was a professorial lecturer in Comparative Jurisprudence in the College of Law. At the same time, he was also actively engaged in various civico-social organizations among which was the Philippine Council of Hygiene, as member; the Philippine Orphanage Association, as president; and the Sixth Philippine Agricultural Congress, as president.

His business ventures covered a wide field. He became at one time, vice-president of the Philippine Oil Products, director of t he Germinal Cigar Factory, Cooperativa Agricola and the Malayan Trading; director of the Manila Railroad Co.; vice-president, president and president-manager of the Pampanga Sugar Development Co. (PASUDECO), in which latter enterprise he invested heavily. As an industrialist, Escaler was not an individualist. He believed that the "competition which is to arise in the near future will be so strong that the individual can not withstand it alone, unaided by the government." In and outside the government service, he advocated for a keener appreciation of country life, establishment of experiment stations, research facilities and laboratories, and agricultural banks. Industrial development must go hand in hand with agricultural progress in this country, an idea that he advanced; at the same time, he stressed that technical training must be developed.

With the heavy duties he assumed upon himself, he soon broke down in health. In 1926, he sought to regain his battered constitution in America and Europe; he stayed in sanatoriums, and in Paris, he nearly died. Not finding any relief, he returned to Manila in January 1927. On February 17, 1927, he died of a prolonged heart attack at the age of forty -two. On the date of his burial, February 20, 1927, memorial services were held at the Ayuntamiento. He was buried in Cementerio del Norte.

The Ocampo-Escaler brothers and sisters:

  • Ernesto (attorney) married Maria Luisa DeLeon
  • Alicia married Telesforo Gana (chemist)
  • Elisa married Clemente Puno (mining engineer and contractor)
  • Jose Jr. (chemist) married Antonia Nakpil
  • Wivinia married Attorney Luis Tabora
  • Manuel (attorney) married Conception Araneta
  • Most Rev. Federico O. Escaler, SJ, D.D.
    Bishop Prelate-Emeritus of Ipil

Bishop Federico Escaler was ordained to the priesthood on June 19, 1954 at the Fordham Chapel in Fordham, New York City. He was ordained bishop on July 31, 1976 at the Manila Cathedral in Intramuros, Manila. He became the Bishop Ordinary of Prelature of Kidapawan. He was once the Assistant to Jesuit Provincial, Superior in La Ignaciana Retreat House, President and Rector of the Ateneo de Davao in Davao City, Treasurer of Jesuit Province in Manila, and became the President and Rector of Xavier University, Cagayan de Oro City.

Matea Rodriguez y Tuason

Dona Matea Rodriguez y Tuason, was the second child of Don Olegario Rodriguez and Dona Escolastic Tuason de Rodriguez.

Dona Matea Rodriguez y Tuason married Don Josef Sioco in 1859 (she was his second wife). She was 24 years of age and he was 73 years old. They had three children:

  • Francisca (died at a young age)
  • Sabina (born 1861)
  • Florencia

After the death of Don Josef Sioco, Dona Matea Rodriguez, viuda de Sioco, married Don Joaquin Arnedo-Cruz y Tanjutco. Their marriage did not produce any children. After Don Joaquin Arnedo-Cruz' death, she inherited all his properties, which, many years later, she left to her two surviving daughters from Don Josef Sioco: Dona Sabina Sioco de Escaler and Dona Florencia Sioco de Gonzalez.

The remains of Dona Matea Rodriguez, viuda de Sioco, viuda de Arnedo-Cruz, are in the Escaler mausoleum at the Cementerio del Norte.

Dona Florencia Sioco married Dr. Joaquin Gonzalez y Lopez of Baliuag, Bulacan, the son of Fray Fausto Lopez, O.S.A. of Valladolid, Espana, and Dona Maria Amparo Gonzalez y de los Angeles of Baliuag.

Josef Sioco

The Sioco family had settled in the towns of Bocaue and Santa Maria in Bulacan from Bataan. They were originally from Lingayen, Pangasinan. Family legend has it that the Siocos are descended from Sho Ko, a Japanese pirate who was the right hand man of
Limahong, the dreaded Chinese pirate who laid siege on Manila in the early 1600s. Limahong was repelled, and he retreated to Lingayen, Pangasinan from where he left the Philippines. Some Limahong's men stayed behind with their families in Lingayen.

Don Josef Sioco (born January 24, 1786), migrated to Barrio Sulipan, Apalit, Pampanga in 1840 from Bocaue, Bulacan. He was a Chinese Meztizo wealthy landowner and trader. Because of his severe frugality, the old people in Apalit called him "Joseng Daga" because he stashed everything away, like a rat. In his house, there was a small corner room stacked with jars filled with gold coins from floor to ceiling.

Don Josef Sioco's first wife was the daughter of a neighbor in Barrio Sulipan, Dona Juana Carlos, with whom he had a daughter: Maria Sioco y Carlos.

Dona Maria Sioco y Carlos married Don Juan Tanjutco by whom she had a daughter: Crispina Tanjutco y Sioco.

He was in his early 70s when he paid court to Dona Marta Rodriguez y Tuason (younger sister of Dona Matea) of Bacolor who was in her early 20s. She was not receptive of his courtship. Matea, an elder sister, less attractive but more intelligent, presented herself to be his bride.

Don Josef Sioco died on December 26, 1864, at the age of 78. His remains are in one wall of the Gospel transept of Bacolor Church, now under meters of lahar.

Joaquin Arnedo-Cruz y Tanjutco

Don Joaquin Arnedo-Cruz y Tanjutco was the first cousin of Don Josef Sioco. The Arnedo family migrated to Barrio Sulipan from Hagonoy, Bulacan.